Skill Development And Employment

The main responsibility of the organisation is to protect and safeguard the interests of workers in general and those who constitute the poor, deprived and disadvantage sections of the society, in particular, with due regard to creating a healthy work environment for higher production and productivity and to develop and coordinate vocational skill training and employment services. Organisation's attention is also focused on promotion of welfare and providing social security to the labour force both in organized and unorganized sectors.

Domestic workers comprise a significant part of the global workforce in informal employment and are among the most vulnerable groups of workers. They work for private households, often without clear terms of employment, unregistered in any book, and excluded from the scope of labour legislation. Currently there are at least 67 million domestic workers worldwide, not including child domestic workers and this number is increasing steadily in developed and developing countries.

People with disabilities make up an estimated one billion, or 15 per cent, of the world's population. About 80 per cent are of working age. The right of people with disabilities to decent work, however, is frequently denied. People with disabilities, particularly women with disabilities, face enormous attitudinal, physical and informational barriers to equal opportunities in the world of work. Compared to non-disabled persons, they experience higher rates of unemployment and economic inactivity and are at greater risk of insufficient social protection that is a key to reducing extreme poverty

These objectives are sought to be achieved through enactment and implementation of following issues -

  • Payment of wages, trade disputes, hours of work, employment of children.
  • Safety, health and welfare measures concerning dock labour.
  • Safety in mines and oilfields.
  • To setup and operate employment exchanges.
  • Ensuring minimum wages for all.
  • Training of government labour offices.
  • To work for improving conditions of service of working journalists and other newspaper employees.
  • To promote and implement schemes regarding workers education and participation in management.
  • To facilitate constitution of wage boards for individual industries.

Labour welfare

  • Industrial, commercial and agricultural conditions of labour, provident funds, family pensions, gratuity, employer's liability and workmen's compensation, health and sickness insurance, including invalidity pensions, old age pensions, improvement of working conditions in factories, canteens in industrial undertakings.
  • Unemployment insurance
  • To facilitate the work of trade unions and settling industrial and labour disputes.
  • Compilation of labour statistics.
  • Promote employment opportunities and curb unemployment.
  • Promote employment opportunities and curb unemployment.
  • Improving the working conditions and the quality of life of workers through participation in formulation and implementing policies / programs / Schemes / projects for providing social security and welfare measures, occupational health and safety of workers, eliminating child labour from hazardous occupations and processes.
  • Strengthening enforcement of labour laws and promoting skill development and employment services.
  • Support implementing of treaties and agreements with other countries on labour issues.
  • Participation in tripartite labour conferences.
  • Evaluation of the implementation of labour laws in various countries.

Facts and Figures –

  • Global number of children in child labour has declined by one third since 2000, from 246 million to 168 million children. More than half of them, 85 million, are in hazardous work (down from 171 million in 2000).
  • Asia and the Pacific still has the largest numbers (almost 78 million or 9.3% of child population), but Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest incidence of child labour (59 million, over 21%).
  • There are 13 million (8.8%) of children in child labour in Latin America and the Caribbean and in the Middle East and North Africa there are 9.2 million (8.4%).
  • Agriculture remains by far the most important sector where child labourers can be found (98 million, or 59%), but the problems are not negligible in services (54 million) and industry (12 million) – mostly in the informal economy.
  • Child labour among girls fell by 40% since 2000, compared to 25% for boys.
  • Almost 21 million people are victims of forced labour – 11.4 million women and girls and 9.5 million men and boys.
  • Almost 19 million victims are exploited by private individuals or enterprises and over 2 million by the state or rebel groups.
  • Of those exploited by individuals or enterprises, 4.5 million are victims of forced sexual exploitation.
  • Forced labour in the private economy generates US$ 150 billion in illegal profits per year.
  • Domestic work, agriculture, construction, manufacturing and entertainment are among the sectors most concerned.
  • Migrant workers and indigenous people are particularly vulnerable to forced labour.