Women and Child Rights

Women possess unlimited potential energy in the form of physical, mental and social capacities. The requirement is to tap this potential energy and change it into kinetic energy to make life meaningful for women in particular and humanity in general. There is a need to understand women potentialities and develop them which would result in automatic empowerment. Lack of adequate resources prevents women belonging to poorer section from availing health services for them. Undernourished, ill-fed and overworked, most women from such section are extremely vulnerable to diseases.

The Organisation is responsible for overseeing policies with respect to ensuring overall survival, development, protection and participation of women and children. Apart from central sector and centrally sponsored schemes, the organisation works with the States and central government review their implementation of the policies and programmes.

  • To formulate plans, policies and programmes for the Development of women and children. Implementation of innovative programs.
  • Training for employment and income generation for women.
  • To make women empowered both economically and socially in consideration to gender equality.
  • Co-ordination of activities of women and child welfare with state and central organisations and other international organisations.
  • Care of pre-school children including pre-primary Education and help evolve Nutrition policy
  • Prevention of dowry system, inhuman practices, child marriage practices.
  • Production, supply and Distribution of the infant Milk Substitutes, infant food.
  • Juvenile Delinquency and vagrancy.
  • Institutional and Non-Institutional services for the care and development of children in need including orphans and orphanages.
  • Setting up of Working Groups on various aspects of Empowerment of Women and Child Development.
  • Issues relating to adoption and child help line.
  • Welfare of the family.
  • For the holistic development of women and child, providing a package of services comprising supplementary nutrition, immunization, health check up and referral services, pre-school non-formal education. There is effective coordination and monitoring of various sect-oral programmes.

The data listed below is for a brief review of the condition of women and children in our nation.

  • As per the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, a total number of 44256, 42521 and 42088 women committed suicide during 2013, 2014 and 2015 respectively, which shows a declining trend. The main reasons behind the committing of suicide by women are family problems, illness, marriage related issues such as Cancellation/Non-settlement of marriage, Dowry disputes, Extra marital affairs, love affairs, etc.
  • Since its inception in 1972-73, 938 hostels have been sanctioned under the scheme of Working Women Hostel all over the country for benefitting about 70,500 working women and 9800 Children .
  • There are 1626 Institutional Homes supported under ICPS for care and protection of children.
  • 14913 cases registered under POCSO Act during 2015
    As reported by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the details of incidences of child sexual abuse in the country are as under:
    Cases 2014 2015
    Cases registered under child rape (section 376 IPC) 13766 10854
    Cases registered under Assault on Women (girl children) with intent to outrage her modesty (section 354 IPC) 11335 8390
    Cases registered under Insult to the Modesty of Women (girl children) (section 509 IPC) 444 348
    Cases registered under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 8904 14913
  • 1194 Children Homes and 351 Special Adoption Agencies functioning in the country at present. The number of widows and female aged 60 years and above as per census 2011, as provided by Registrar General of India, is 4.32 Crore and 5.27 Crores respectively. Data on orphans are not separately collected / compiled in Census.
  • Rs. 2381 lakhs provided for construction of 43 Observation and Special Homes for children during last 3 years The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act) and Central Model Rules, 2016 framed thereunder provides for monitoring, inspections, standards of care and measures that may be taken by the State Governments/UT Administration to improve the condition of observation and Special Homes for Children in need of care and protection. The Rules inter-alia specify standards for physical infrastructure, clothing, bedding, nutrition & diet, as well as rehabilitation measures such as education, vocational training, counselling etc.
  • 92% and 90% posts of Anganwadi workers and Anganwadi helpers respectively are filled.